OCD is defined by a pattern of unwanted thoughts and fears (Obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviors (Compulsions). These compulsive thoughts and behaviors interfere with daily life and cause severe distress.
You might try to suppress or ignore your Obsessions, but doing so only makes you feel more upset and anxious. In the end, you become compelled to engage in compulsive behaviors in an effort to reduce your stress. Despite attempts to suppress or ignore bothersome thoughts or urges, they persist. This feeds the OCD cycle, which results in more ritualistic behavior.
If you want to learn more about Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), consider collaborating with the best Clinical Research Organization in Michigan to better understand the condition.
What are the Types of OCD?
Although there is no particular classification of the various forms of OCD, experts frequently divide the OCD symptoms into several subtypes:
- Cleaning and contamination
- Fear of harm
- The collection or hoarding
- Unwanted sexual, violent, or other taboo thoughts
One of these subtypes may primarily describe your symptoms, or your symptoms may fit into more than one category. The unofficial status of these subtypes may be due to the fact that symptoms frequently don’t fall neatly into one category.
What are the Symptoms of OCD?
Obsessions and Compulsions are the two main types of OCD symptoms. Obsessions and Compulsions are common among OCD sufferers, though some only experience one or the other.
These symptoms are not just momentary or transient. Even minor symptoms can consume at least an hour of your day and have a big impact on your daily activities.
Your capacity to concentrate in class or finish tasks at work may be impacted by obsessions or compulsions. You might even be unable to go to work, school, or anywhere else because of them.
You may be aware that the compulsive behaviors won’t actually stop the obsessive thoughts from occurring or that the obsessive thoughts aren’t true. All the same, they frequently feel out of control.
What Causes OCD?
OCD symptoms root cause is unclear. A variety of factors, such as the following, could be involved:
- If you have a family member with OCD, you are more likely to also develop it, possibly due to genetics.
- Some OCD sufferers have serotonin levels that are abnormally low or regions of their brains that are unusually active.
- OCD may be more prevalent in people who have experienced bullying, abuse, or neglect, and it occasionally develops following a significant life event, such as childbirth or a bereavement.
- Neat, methodical, meticulous people with high personal standards may be more likely to develop OCD. People who are typically anxious or who have a strong sense of personal accountability may also be more likely to develop OCD.
What are the Risk Factors for OCD?
These consist of:
Trauma or Stress: You may be more likely to develop OCD or experience worsening symptoms if you are under a lot of stress at work, school, home, or in your personal relationships.
Personality: OCD may be influenced by certain personality traits, such as the inability to deal with uncertainty, strong feelings of responsibility, or perfectionism. There is some disagreement, though, as to whether these are rigid learned behaviors that can’t be changed or more adaptable ones.
Childhood abuse: The likelihood of developing the condition is higher in children who have experienced abuse or other traumatic childhood events, such as bullying or extreme neglect.
Childhood Acute Neuropsychiatric Symptoms (CANS): Some kids experience an infection followed by a sudden onset of OCD. PANDAS, which stands for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders associated with streptococcus, is the term used to describe this syndrome following a streptococcal infection. But symptoms can also be brought on by other illnesses or infections.
Traumatic brain injury: A head injury may be the trigger for the onset of OCD symptoms.
However, keep in mind that despite other risk factors and a family history of OCD, you may never experience the condition yourself. Furthermore, OCD can still exist in people who do not have any known risk factors.
OCD frequently coexists with the following mental health conditions:
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Tourette Disorder
- Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
- Social anxiety
- Eating disorders
In fact, the majority of OCD sufferers also have another mental health disorder, with anxiety being the most prevalent. However, none of these conditions necessarily increase your risk of developing OCD.
What Complications one can face with OCD?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder can cause a variety of issues, such as:
- An excessive amount of time spent performing ritualistic actions,
- Issues with one’s health, like contact dermatitis from excessive hand washing,
- Attending work, school, or social events with difficulty,
- Conflicting relationships,
- The poor overall quality of life, and
- Suicidal ideas and actions.
How to Manage OCD?
OCD sufferers frequently avoid getting help because they are embarrassed or ashamed of themselves. There is no reason to be ashamed or embarrassed about having OCD because it is a health condition like any other. There are some proven OCD treatments that can help lessen the negative effects it has on your life.
The primary therapies are:
Psychological therapy, typically Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), which helps you face your fears and obsessive thoughts without “putting them right” through compulsions, and medication, typically Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), a class of antidepressant drugs that can help by changing the balance of chemicals in your brain.
CBT typically has a noticeable impact fairly quickly. Majority of patients will eventually improve from SSRI treatment, though it may take a few months before you notice any effects.
If these therapies are ineffective, you might be given an alternative SSRI or a medication that combines an SSRI and CBT. Some patients might be referred for additional care to a specialized mental health facility.
Why You Should Participate in OCD Clinical Trials?
Clinical Trials are experimental studies that examine brand-new strategies for preventing, diagnosing, or treating illnesses and conditions. Clinical Trials for OCD seek to ascertain the efficacy and safety of novel diagnostic or therapeutic approaches. Although taking part in a Clinical Trial may have personal benefits, participants should be aware that the main objective of a Clinical Trial is to advance science and better the lives of future patients.
OCD symptoms can manifest themselves in a variety of ways. Additionally, OCD may coexist with other mental health issues. The symptoms of OCD often get better with treatment. Receiving treatment can help you function better and live a better life.
If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms similar to OCD, find Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Clinical Trial opportunities in Michigan to help you find the best treatment for your mental health issues.
Treatment can help, no matter what symptoms you have. Speak to your physician or a therapist if your OCD symptoms cause you difficulty managing your daily obligations and interpersonal relationships. They can help you in locating the best therapy options to develop coping mechanisms for OCD.