Stretch marks seem as linear streaks on the skin that has been overstretched, and that they run perpendicular to most lines of tension within the skin. they start as flat red lines, and they appear as slightly depressed white streaks over time. they have a tendency to occur close to the armpits, on the thighs, abdomen, chest, buttocks, and groin. Their look is analogous to changes seen in the surface of rubber balloons that are overinflated.
What causes stretch marks?
There are a few disputations over the precise mechanism by that striae occur. There looks to be injury to the elastic fibers of the corium (the deeper layer of the skin) accompanied by inflammation which eventually results in atrophic scar-like changes. Excessive physical stretching of the skin appears to induce these changes. There are a number of clinical situations that will predispose the skin to the formation of striae. These include rapid and excessive increase in body mass (weight gain), the excessive use of topical or systemic glucocorticoid drugs (steroids), Cushing’s disease (overproduction of glucocorticoids by the adrenal gland), puberty, Marfan syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (two uncommon genetic diseases), excessively large breasts or breast implants, and pregnancy.
What are risk factors for stretch marks?
Excessive rapid weight gain and gestation are the 2 commonest risk factors. different risk factors embody the conditions delineated on top of that incline the skin to developing stretch marks.
What are symptoms and signs of stretch marks?
Striae are seldom painful or itchy. they are doing not manufacture hard symptoms. they start as linear red streaks and eventually mature into linear white lines.
How do health care suppliers diagnose and assess stretch marks?
Since stretch marks are quite common, the general public are conversant in their appearance. they’re classifiable on visual scrutiny by patients and doctors.