CySEC, the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission, is a popular regulator that regulates many prominent forex and CFD brokers. In this article, we are going to take a look at the benefit and drawbacks that this brings. This article will help you decide if a CySEC-regulated broker is the right option for you and your trading needs.
What is CySEC?
Let us start by taking a look at what CySEC is. CySEC regulates more forex brokers than any other regulatory body in the world. This is due to the fact that they have created a regulation that is good for both the trader and the broker.
CySEC is the financial regulatory agency of Cyprus. Cyprus is a part of the European Union, and any broker licensed by CySEC is therefore allowed to offer trading in the entire European Union. CySEC must ensure that all their regulations, processes and operations comply with MiFID. MiFID is a law designed to harmonise the financial law within the EU. MIFID is also the regulation that makes it possible for CySEC-regulated brokers to operate within the entire EU.
CySEC has a long row of responsibilities ranging from preventing money laundering to licensing brokerage firms operating in the CFD, stock and forex markets. CySEC previously regulated binary options trading, but binary options have since been banned in the EU: CySEC is required to monitor all brokerages operating under a CySEC license to make sure that the broker complies with all rules and regulations. CySEC is also required to monitor the markets and enact new regulations if required to protect traders or due to changing market conditions.
CySEC was formed by the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission Law of 2001. Cyprus became a member of the European Union in 2004. As a result, all the brokers that were regulated by CySEC gained access to the European Union. CySEC has occasionally been forced to change its regulation due to changing European law.
Benefits of a CySEC Regulated Broker
CySEC has become a popular regulator for a reason. Below we will list some of the most important that CySEC offer traders.
- CySEC is the most popular forex regulator in the world, and many top brokers are regulated with CySEC. Follow the link to find a list of top CySEC brokers that offer forex trading.
- Brokers that are regulated by CySEC have to follow the guidelines for the financial instruments they allow trading in. They feature particular guidelines for different types of financial instruments such as forex, CFDs, Cryptocurrencies etc.
- At least two people have to be in charge of overseeing the administration and compliance of the broker.
- Brokers must notify CySEC before they start offering new services.
- CySEC requires a minimum capital requirement to act as a broker.
- They regulate what bonuses and promotions brokers are allowed to offer. They have prohibited brokers from offering most types of bonuses, including welcome bonuses.
- CySEC limits the leverage the broker is allowed to offer on different types of financial instruments. This limits the risk that the traders can expose themselves to.
- CySEC requires brokers to have indemnity insurance and keep trader funds separate from corporate funds to ensure they can always process withdrawals.
- CySEC requires brokers to keep an investor compensation fund
Drawbacks of a CySEC Regulated Broker
CySEC has received some criticism over the years. Some of these criticisms have been well founded, while other criticisms have blamed CySEC for events that are the responsibility of the traders, not the responsibility of the regulator. Below we will focus on justified criticisms.
- CySEC compliance officers are often relatively lenient with brokers that have broken laws or regulations. They often hand out small non-compliance fines. This might make brokers less motivated to comply with the regulation. Unscrupulous brokers might find it more profitable to simply pay the fines.
- Some regulations are not very well defined, and CySEC is slow to take action when this is the case. This has allowed brokers to escape infringements with minor warnings instead of non-compliance fines.
- CySEC is sometimes slow to investigate potential breaks of regulations. Investigations are sometimes only initiated after substantial media pressure.
- It can be hard to make complaints to CySEC, and it is very hard to make a complaint direct to CySEC. Complaints should be made to the broker, who should pass them on to CySEC. This can be a problem since it might be in the broker’s interest to delay the report to CySEC. It is also possible to make a complaint through a financial ombudsman, but it is not possible to make a complaint directly to CySEC.
CySEC is one of the leading regulators in the FOREX and CFD trading industry, but they are far from perfect. Many good brokers are licensed by CySEC, but there are also all too many poor brokers that are allowed to operate for longer than they should have been allowed to operate. The fact that a broker is regulated by CySEC is not enough for you to trust that broker unconditionally. You should research a CySEC broker, just like any other broker, before you decide to open up an account. Reading about the broker on different trading sites is the best thing you can do to make sure that you choose an honest broker.