in the design of the floor structure house building companyบริษัทรับสร้างบ้าน builder Consideration should be given to the choice of materials for pavement and road surfaces based on traffic density and weight. as well as the ability to bear the load and the ability to allow water to penetrate the soil embankment In general, the structure of the road is divided into the following layers:
- The pavement or road surface serves as the surface of the traffic of vehicles or people passing by. and then distribute that weight to the pavement Which can be divided into two types: flexible road surface and hard road surface.
- The pavement is like the foundation of the road. serves to transfer the weight from the road surface to the pavement soil layer The materials used for the construction รับสร้างบ้านof the pavement are mostly stone materials with mixed proportions. For roads with heavy loads such as public roads and highways Maybe add a foundation layer by using crushed stone or gravel material to priming another layer of road
- soil layer It is the lowest level of the road structure. Will serve to support the weight caused by vehicles that travel back and forth. may be the original soil or is the soil that has been compacted
Flexible road surfaces are hard road surfaces, such as reinforced concrete roads. When the weight is applied to a hard road surface, there will be a transfer of force within the slab. It is not integrated into a single point like a flexible road. The hard road surface will cause the force to act at each point. Acts on the pavement layer less than the flexible road surface. This eliminates the need for a very thick pavement layer compared to the flexible road surface.
Consult the paver supplier. To know the size, color, texture, strength properties, water absorption, as well as the exact installation method before designing.
block paving pattern
Blocks are placed on flexible pavement.
- Block paving the joints with sand.
- Underlayment sand layer 1” to 2” (25-51) thick.
- 2” to 6” (51 to 150) thick crushed stone or gravel for areas with high pavement use. or the area of the original land area that may still be expanded because the water turns into ice
- The original soil layer or compacted soil.
solid pavement block
- paving blocks
- ¾” (19) thick asphalt underlayment
- 4” to 6” (100 to 150) thick concrete slab floors.
- Crushed stone or compacted sand.
- Diagonal square grass planting blocks.
- Black soil for laying grass.
- 2” (51) thick foundation sand
- 2” to 6” (51 to 150) crushed stone
curb laying, pavement
- The edge of the stone ledge is primed with sand mortar.
- Concrete base should have large gravel under the base. In the case of the base above the groundwater line becomes ice.
- The edge of the stone embankment with mortar mortar is always established with the soil. or raised to half the height of the boulder to form a ground edge.
- Concrete foundation
- 2x, 4x or 6x hardwood edge.
- 2” (51) thick gravel or small stone layer
- Pavement layer made of cement mixed with soil or small stones 2” (51) thick.
- The main beam is made of solid 2 × 2 or 2 × 4, 24” (610) long, embedded every 3’ to 4’ (915 to 1,220) intervals.
- Site Plan
The floor plan shows the overall appearance of the building or building, as well as how the trees are related to the existing roads in the area that are being constructed according to the project. It also represents the size and location of the new building being constructed. Using the data obtained from the survey by the survey team, a good site plan should contain the following details:
- Name and address of the project owner
- Address of the project location
- Title deed number and land number
- Data sources and survey dates
- Land boundary lines and land boundaries
- Line showing the construction boundary line of the project According to the contract in case of differences from the land boundary line
- North line and the scale of the area plan
- Location of surveyor pins to use as a position and reference level
- The name of the street, street or nearby alley
- Location of an open way or a public waterway that passes through the project area
- The distance of the retreat line from the legal land boundary line
- Location of the original building and showing the extent of the area that will be demolished for the construction of new buildings
- Location and size of the building to be constructed and showing the roof line (often shown as a dotted line)
- Location and distance of roads, parking lots, and linkages, both old and new to be constructed.
- Location and lines of existing water, electricity and sewer pipes, including where the new project will connect.
- Contour line level of the old area level. (represented by dashed lines) and new (represented by solid lines), as well as the finished surface level of the road, pavement or surface that has been adjusted after construction is complete.
- Retained Tree Position and the trees that must be dug out
- Location of waterways, ponds, ponds or natural shorelines.
- Area organized into a garden as well as fence lines, retaining walls, and where new trees will be planted.
- Symbols indicating references to other floor plans.
- Area planning and land survey (Site Description)
The planning of the building construction site will consist of The official survey of land surveys to be legal. to know the surrounding location This will consist of finding the correct position in which direction and what the surrounding land boundaries are. by means of a closed-loop survey and network survey or survey from the original registration data that was recorded
- Closed-loop surveys are Opening a survey from a known point of reference and then conduct a survey around the circumference area and then return to the starting point for a complete cycle
• The information of the survey document that can be legally cited is very important. and government information indicating the location of land boundaries, boundaries and restrictions as well as the origin of the division of land into sub-plots, road boundaries, and land numbers of each plot.