The conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into carbon-based fuels and other products like carbon monoxide and methane can help you reduce dependence on fossil fuels. You can also help to manage carbon dioxide emissions by recycling carbon dioxide.
To do this, there is a need of turning water into oxygen to release the protons and electrons required to transform carbon dioxide into artificial fuels. This article discusses how carbon dioxide capture and storage can tackle climate change.
What you need to know about carbon dioxide capture and storage
Carbon dioxide capture and storage refers to a process that captures and stores carbon dioxide before it goes into the atmosphere. Various technologies can capture about 90% of carbon dioxide that is released from fossil fuels in the production of electricity and industrial processes like cement production.
You can capture carbon dioxide using various methods. These include pre-combustion, post-combustion, and oxyfuel. Post-combustion technology can remove carbon dioxide from flue gases that lead to the burning of fossil fuels.
On the other hand, the pre-combustion technique involves removing carbon dioxide before burning fossil fuel. With this method, you need to convert the fuel into a sort of a mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen.
Lastly, there is the oxyfuel method that produces steam and carbon dioxide by burning fossil fuel using almost pure oxygen. You can fit oxyfuel and post-combustion equipment to new plants or you can retrofit them, meaning you can add this equipment to an existing power station that was originally built without it.
Pre-combustion methods need a lot of modifications to the current plans to be retrofitted, so they are ideal for newly built. If you decide to convert carbon dioxide into chemicals or any other products, perhaps you should contact ThalesNano Energy.
Here is the deal, once you capture the carbon dioxide, it’s compressed into a liquid form and transported using a ship, pipeline, or road tanker. The carbon dioxide can then be injected underground to be stored into depleted gas and oil reservoirs or deep saline aquifers where it’s more suitable for storage.
The potential of carbon dioxide capture and storage to tackle climate change
The truth is that presently, carbon dioxide capture and storage is perhaps the only technology that can reduce emissions coming from large industrial installations. It can be an important technology to handle global climate change.
If you combine with other technologies for power generation, carbon dioxide capture and storage can produce negative emissions by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. No wonder, many scientists believe that this is essential in reducing temperature rise.
That said, the use of fossil fuels to produce organic chemicals that make synthetic rubber, solvents, plastics, and many more is quite high. But these products can also be produced from carbon dioxide. Because it’s a non-reactive molecule, you need to add outside energy from electricity, hydrogen, heat, or enzymes.
As a result, the advantage of carbon dioxide-based chemicals usually depends on the amount of carbon intensity of the outside energy and durability of the product. To transform carbon dioxide into profitable products, such as chemicals and gas generation, you need to consult a company that specializes in converting carbon dioxide into such profitable products.