What Is Emphysema And What Causes It?
Emphysema is a type of disorder that affects the alveoli of the lungs. Alveoli is an end structure of the lung where lungs and the blood exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide, the breathing process. In the case of emphysema, the alveoli abnormally become inflamed, causing damage to its walls, making it difficult to breathe.
Due to the damage caused, alveoli become unable to absorb and exhale air completely. As a result, the capacity to intake air decreases due to the presence of already trapped air, leaving no space for fresh air.
The surface area of the lungs reduces, leading to less oxygen reaching the bloodstream. Such chronic disease mostly occurs in people who have a habit of smoking and the ones who are habitual breathing in irritants. It is an irreversible condition. Therefore, emphysema treatment can only reduce its signs and symptoms.
As per the American Lung Association, almost 4.5 million U.S citizens experience emphysema. Everyone is at equal risk of developing the disease. Below are some of the common causes of emphysema:-
- People with age more than 65 years are at risk of developing emphysema
- The habit of smoking. It may also involve smoking tobacco and marijuana
- People living in the most air polluted area
- Frequent intake of chemical fumes and dust
The association also says that smoking is the cause of 480,000 Americans dying in a year out of which 80% of them are because of emphysema. Exposure to second-hand smoke also increases the risk of developing emphysema.
In fact, people who live near areas that are exposed to high pollution, chemical fumes, or lung irritants are at a greater chance of experiencing emphysema.
What Are The Early Signs Of Emphysema?
Emphysema lowers the breathing capacity of the lungs because of the damage caused to the alveoli. Due to less air intake, the person suffering from it gets tired easily, causing less stamina and breathing problems, especially while performing physical activity.
The symptoms of emphysema may exist for years and that too unknowingly in some cases. Initially, the early and the most common signs of emphysema include:-
- Shortness of breath
- Moderate symptoms of Emphysema
- Long-lasting cough
- Tightness in the chest or pain
In the case of smokers, the tendency of coughing persists for a longer duration and does not go even after the person quits smoking. Tightness or pain in the chest or heart disease can result from it, which can be more visible while performing physical activity.
As emphysema belongs to a type of COPD, dysfunctions of the genital organs also come under the common problem faced by emphysema patients.
Many men must be aware of the medications for treating such dysfunction like Cenforce 100 and some may even try to self-medicate themselves with Cenforce 100. But doing so may cause harmful effects as the body is undergoing a different health complication(Emphysema).
Men with no prevailing health complications may feel some side effects of Cenforce 100 if consumed without following the guidelines. Men with emphysema consuming Cenforce 100 may experience much worse side effects.
Therefore never self-medicate, always follow the doctor’s guidelines.
What Are The Long-Term Effects Of Emphysema?
Emphysema may lead to some additional problems if left untreated. For example:-
Pneumothorax: Severe emphysema may lead to lung collapse, which is also known as pneumothorax. It occurs when the air gets leaked and passes between the lung and chest. In such a situation, the leaked air then applies pressure on the lung’s outer surface, making it collapse.
This lowers the surface area of the lungs making it difficult to function. This is a rare complication but serious as it can be fatal.
Heart complications: The improper function of the lungs will lead to a decrease in the supply of oxygenated blood. As a result, the pressure on the arteries that connect both heart and lungs increases, leading to cor pulmonale.
It is a condition in which a part of the heart expands and weakens because of less supply of oxygen to the heart. Therefore, emphysema affects both lungs and heart.
Bullae: People suffering from emphysema tend to develop empty spaces inside the lungs known as emphysema bullae. They can be half the size of the lungs and reduce their absorbing capacity. This reduction in the surface area of the lung will affect your oxygen-absorbing capacity.
In some cases, men do not know about the existence of emphysema and only experience its symptoms like erection difficulty. Men being awkward try to self-medicate with medications like Cenforce 100. Doing so without consulting the doctor will worsen the condition and may even lead to the above complications. Therefore, do not self-medicate even if it is Cenforce 100, it can be dangerous. The ideal way to deal with this is to consult the doctor.