Surgical instruments are tools used during surgical procedures to perform particular actions. Some instruments are used during specific procedures, while other tools can be used in nearly all general surgical procedures. They make complex surgical procedures easier for the user. They can be used to modify, cut or hold tissues during surgery. Scissors are usually used to cut the tissues, while hemostats and forceps hold them in one place. Some tools like rongeurs and retractors are used to gain a better view of the surgical site. There are also suction and irrigation tubes to remove bodily fluids. Hence, they are a necessary part of any kind of surgical procedure.
There is no doubt that surgical tools are useful. However, there is one more thing that a person needs to know before purchasing a surgical instrument, i.e., its metal. Some metals are suitable for one kind of surgery, while others are used during other procedures. Some are stronger than others and ensure durability.
What are the characteristics of a good metal?
The metal determines the strength, durability, and weight of the instrument. Lightweight instruments are easy to use and handle. Always choose a durable and strong instrument. They are cost-effective and last a long time. Moreover, one should look for metals that require less maintenance and work perfectly for a long time. During surgical procedures, the biocompatibility of the instrument is also considered a very important feature. Such instruments work perfectly and do not cause harm to the patient. Materials that can bend and wear out easily should be avoided at all costs. They can malfunction during the surgery and lead to fatal consequences. Moreover, metal should be strong enough to withstand high temperatures during the sterilization process.
Types of Metals/Alloys:
There are many types of metals that are used to manufacture surgical instruments. Let us discuss some of them in detail.
Instruments are most commonly made using high-quality stainless steel. Stainless steel is also known as inox, which means inoxydable. This metal has the ability to resist rust and corrosion. It is preferred for biomedical implants. This metal is autoclavable. It can withstand up to 400o C. Therefore, it is preferred over other metals most of the time.
Tungsten Carbide is a metal that has a reputation of being exceptionally strong and durable. This metal is five times stronger than stainless steel. When added to scissors and forceps, it provides a strong grip and a fine cutting action. Instruments are not manufactured with 100% tungsten carbide. They only contain small inserts of tungsten carbide either in the blades or jaws. Tungsten Carbide inserts increase the functionality of the instrument and make it last longer. The long-term use and durability make them cost-effective and reliable.
Titanium weighs 40% less than standard stainless steel. Its lightweight structure makes it easy to handle and helps in avoiding hand fatigue. They are ideal for long surgical procedures that require extensive use of an instrument. Instruments made from titanium are strong and durable. They can withstand extremely high temperatures and are autoclavable. This metal can resist rust and corrosion. It can be used in surgical procedures that require MRI scans because it is a non-magnetic metal and won’t cause any problem. It can be anodized to create a non-reflective surface for increased precision and accuracy during complex surgical procedures. It requires less maintenance and stays perfect for a long time.
Some surgical instruments have chrome coating. It lowers the friction of the surface of the instrument and makes it durable. Chrome plating acts as a protective coating and increases the performance of the instrument. It improves the resistance against corrosion and reduces wear. Surgical tools with chrome coating appear new for a long time. They have a hard surface, better cutting edges, and reduced heat buildup. They are worthy of your trust and reliance.
What kind of Instruments have golden handles?
The instruments with tungsten carbide inserts usually have golden handles for easy identification.
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GerMedUSA is a manufacturer and supplier of high-quality surgical instruments for three decades now. You can get premium-grade, German forged stainless steel instruments with special features like Tungsten carbide inserts, color coating, titanium, etc. Free home delivery service is offered to customers from the USA and Canada. Hurry up and visit this link to buy your favorite surgical instruments.