Surrogate motherhood represents one of the most innovative yet controversial methods in the field of reproductive medicine. The basis of this procedure is an agreement whereby a woman commits to carry and give birth to a child for another couple or single individual who face the impossibility of conceiving and carrying a baby on their own. The process is implemented through the application of in vitro fertilization (IVF) techniques, where an embryo, created from the genetic material of future parents or donors, is implanted into the womb of a surrogate mother.
Not limited exclusively to the genetic material of clients, surrogate motherhood may also include the use of donor eggs, sperm, or even embryos. This opens doors for couples facing infertility issues when their own gametes are unsuitable for creating new life.
Surrogate motherhood becomes a relevant solution in cases where a woman lacks a uterus due to surgical intervention, the presence of congenital anomalies, or diseases that prevent a safe pregnancy and childbirth process. Additionally, medical contraindications to pregnancy, such as cardiovascular diseases or high blood pressure, may necessitate the services of a surrogate mother.
The choice of a surrogate mother is made with particular care. A woman agreeing to surrogate motherhood must have at least one successful pregnancy and childbirth behind her and be in good physical and mental health. Age restrictions for surrogate mothers are usually set to 42 years.
The process of surrogate motherhood begins with thorough preparation, including medical examination of all participants, cryopreservation of embryos, and preparation of the surrogate mother’s womb. Subsequent stages include the transplantation of embryos and monitoring of pregnancy development.
Surrogate motherhood in Cyprus is subject to strict legislative norms, requiring special permission from the Ministry of Health with the provision of a complete package of documents and medical certificates. This makes Cyprus one of the leading destinations for international couples wishing to use surrogate motherhood services, providing access to qualified candidates and professional medical support.
Ultimately, surrogate motherhood continues to remain a significant and often the only path to parenthood for many couples around the world. Especially important in this process is the need for comprehensive legal and psychological support aimed at protecting the rights and interests of all participants in this procedure.